Thursday, March 19, 2009

Future of Pakistan ?



Throughout the centuries, it seems like Pakistan is always involved in conflict with other countries. Why is this, it’s hard to say- but what we do know is that through close examination Pakistan is a nation standing at a crossroads. There are five different paths, with Pakistan situated at the forking of the roads, and a national vehicle powered by- military influence, powerful landlords, and influential politicians. Pakistani citizens have the potential to form a democratic government and constructing a highway, independent from political hijackers. Until Pakistan settles on becoming a democratic nation, its future consists of one of the following outcomes-

 Merging with Chindia
 A confederate South Asian nation
 Back and Forth Pendulum trends
 Sense of Identity
 Implosion


Prelude to the Present


After Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto was assassinated on December 27, 2007, Pakistan was already considered a fallen nation due to the actions of extremist and dictator leadership. A few weeks following her untimely death, the democratic election voting was held successfully. In fact, the majority vote was in favor of a new democracy- leaving extremist and military supported groups behind in its wake. Hopefully this will become an increasing trend towards a government that’s more in tune with citizen’s issues and concerns.

Dr. Syed Abidi made a distinguished correlation between the political ebb and flow of Pakistan military and civilian leadership. He has observed seven full tides of political rule, starting in 2008.

According to observational analysis, Dr. Abidi concludes that the instability of Pakistani government is derived from an influctuation of the following factors: dictatorship through use of military power; empowered citizens banding together in protest and uprising against the national leader; greedy politicians backed by strong feudal support; and freedom fighters pushing towards democracy. Each factor has two contrasting sides, for instance:

•The Dictator represents true political agenda on one side, and on the other- abuse of political powers (e.g. violation of civil rights under guise of religious or political purpose, prolonging length of office term).

•Leaders representing the feudalism parties get greedier with power, and milk their positions for more than it’s worth.

•Empowered citizens become overly passionate with cause, resulting in either- loss of political insight, or increase in the health/wealth of the nation.

•Color blind freedom fighters with only one agenda in mind, and will do whatever it takes to achieve and maintain it- regardless of the increase/decrease of the nation’s success.

Now that we understand these factors, here’s more information on what powers the national vehicle:

Merging with Chindia

With hopes of becoming an active participant in G-8 annual summits, starting in 2020, Pakistan is searching for an opportunity to become affiliated with India and China (“Chindia”). It’s highly likely that Pakistan will favor partnering up with China, mostly because of their present display to further the nation’s economic growth by expanding nuclear power. By incorporating the Malaysian/Singapore model, the following must be achieved in order to become a recognized global power- development of realistic future goals, overthrowing the feudal government, submission to democracy, and getting a foot in the door by becoming a supplier for a global demand. In this case, India would not be able to gain economic benefits from the same model. India has all of the tools to become a recognized global power, however, it’s lacking in finances. In order to accomplish this, India would have to acquire heavy investments from outside sources in order to build a strong foundation, yet would become a threat for economical development of other countries around the world. In essence, for Pakistan to merge with Chindia, it’s a great accomplishment.

A confederate South Asian nation

Presently, Pakistan is afflicted with the same experiences as other politically torn nations, including- religious, economic, and political inequalities. These factors combined are the number one contributor to the slow economic growth and overlooked recognition for national achievements. The sad truth of it all is that in order to become united with other countries from all around the world, Pakistan must learn how to cooperate and integrate peacefully with everyone else. Perhaps if it can learn to let go of the past much in the same way that south Asians have learned to live, then it (Pakistan) can start to work on the future and all that it can benefit from this.

Back and Forth Pendulum trends

As mentioned earlier, there is a predictable ongoing trend of political party swings of control. Every seven to ten years or so, you’ll get a political shift in power. Apparently, despite the success of politicians guarding Pakistan from extremist fundamentalists, the PPP (Pakistan Peoples Party) still needs to come to terms with both the Pakistan Muslim League and the military. Peace cannot take place unless all citizens can come to a mutual agreement in Pakistan.


Sense of Identity


Unfortunately, Pakistan has no official position of defense or purpose and is often used for the benefit of other countries. Recently this nation’s military resources have been used in the fight against Russia and the jihadis of 9/11. It still hasn’t grown any powers of authority on whether or not it can deny aid, whether it’s for: territory, military, or fighting other countries’ battles. The true problem exists in lack of empowerment and true leadership. The citizens, as well as government officials, know what needs to be done; the dilemma ultimately lies with- “who will take on the responsibility to bring about change for Pakistan?”

Implosion

With all of the turmoil centering Pakistan, the biggest global threat (affecting mostly the West), is implosion of this country. If Pakistan can’t sort through all of its differences in time, then it won’t be able to contain all of the terrorist activities operating within its borders. The end result would be this, if current events are allowed to continue- religious and tribal separation. Once this happens, Pakistan will not only backslide as being a “united” nation, but would also have to work 100 times harder to find a leader and get their priorities straight.

Hopes for a Democratic Future

The future of Pakistan is imminent, considering all of today’s political drama. It's certain that unless it can get its act together, Pakistan will fall apart as a nation and break-up into tribal territories. If they can fulfill the expectations of its citizens to become a peacefully united nation, without the necessity for military regulation, then Pakistan should be destined to flourish.

Wednesday, January 21, 2009

Earth- Year 2075



With the advancement of modern day technology, it isn’t hard to imagine what the future will be like in the year 2075. We’re talking about the cutting edge- nanotechnology, biotechnology, and info technology that are being incorporated into every new piece of electronic that is being developed. Advances in medical biotechnologies have already benefited hundreds of thousands of people who have disease and age related issues. The goal is that by the year 2040, the human mortality rate has dramatically been reduced. Hard proof of evidence pointing in this direction has already surfaced, for example- development of virtual reality systems and environments, blazing terabyte sized internet speeds, and independently thinking robots. With every new development, more doors are unlocked- inspiring limitless innovation and creativity.

By unlocking the secrets and mysteries of health and mortality, we could now focus our attention on environmental issues. The invention of nano-replicators would finally bring to life what only existed in the fictional world of the Jetsons- just think; everything you could ever imagine would now be available to you at the touch of a button- clothing, food, household items, and more! This technology has been made available to us since the 2020’s. By 2050, scientists and researchers have perfected this technology to perform on a much larger scale, thereby reversing the signs of damage done by pollution. Greenhouse gases can be converted back into oxygen, and reverse osmosis can be performed on a global scale.

Sparked interest into interplanetary exploration and colonization pulls military funding for a solution towards world peace. War torn countries and nations no longer have to fight over earthly territories. Instead, differences can be quenched by settling elsewhere- by relocating to other planets.

The first successful colony is permanently established in the year 2024, and in 2030, a permanent base was constructed and established on Mars by astronauts. Thanks to newly developed fuel sources, long trips that would normally take 10 months to reach a destination would now take only 10 hours. Methods of transportation have been transformed to utilizing space elevators, in retrospect of space shuttles and other aged space exploration vehicles.

Attaining the feat of planetary engineering, we are now able to live more freely on Mars and the Moon. Ecological environments have been recreated to simulate- forests, rivers, and lakes much like the original formations found here on Earth. Enticed by offerings of free housing and land, populations on the Moon has boosted to 10,000; on Mars, to 50,000; and is expected to continue to grow well up to 2-10 million. Following the science fiction prototype of Star Trek “Federation”, governments presiding over these territories are uniting in efforts to form worldly alliances.

Short-living human progress in planetary inhabitation, a new threat has been discovered by the “Space Eye” observatory lookout. It has found radiating evidence of alien life occupying a distant corner of our Milky Way galaxy. According to astrophysicist, Nikolai Kardashev, this galactic civilization would be classified as “Type 3” in accordance with his advanced civilization rating system. He theorizes that this type of alien civilization would have already developed capabilities to construct wormholes to enable intergalactic transportation.

Discovering life forms of higher intelligence and technology has prompted immediate unification of alliances, in preparation for the worst case scenario.

With all that being said, it would seem that humans are on the right track towards space expansion and inhabitation. Teamed together with technology, this goal could very well be attainable in the near century.

Monday, April 14, 2008

Colonization of Venus, is it Possible?


Since the first Star Wars movie was filmed, the general public has shown sparked interest in entertaining the idea of further space exploration. Particularly the possibility of interplanetary living on- the Moon, Mars, other planets, and even some farfetched ideas of asteroids. Among these brilliant ideas for location possibilities, Venus is a potential candidate in this category. How could anybody ponder the thought of living on Venus, given all that we know about this planet? So far, these are the facts that exist on the planetary state of Venus:

 Surface temperatures reaching as high as 450 degrees Celsius, on average. These numbers are higher in range, compared to average Mars temperatures of -63 degrees Celsius to 20 degrees Celsius.

 Atmospheric surface pressures similar to being 3,281 feet (=1 kilometer) underwater on Earth. Imagine diving to those ocean depths, then compare experiencing that same weight of pressure walking on the surface of Venus.

 Long days and nights- that is, a slow planetary rotation. It takes 243 earth days to complete one rotation; in Earth terms 24 hours in a day would equate to- 243 earth days in one Venus day. Too bad- nobody would live long enough to enjoy their first birthday, let alone their first Christmas! We would probably have to just reinvent the time system, so that we can stay in tune with our Earthly counterparts. Funny thing is, and this is the ironic part about Venus’ year, is that it’s actually shorter than 1 Venus day! It takes longer for Venus to complete one rotation (day to night), than it actually does to complete one full year (224.7 earth days).


Investigating the Concept of Planetary Engineering:



So who in their right minds could ever conjure up the idea of humans surviving on Venus? First of all, in order to understand this concept you need to understand the science of “planetary engineering” or “terraforming”. It’s fair to say that “terraforming” is best described as the earthly reshaping of a planetary body. To put things into perspective, it’s basically a concept derived from both traditional science and science fiction. It involves the alteration of a planetary body in order to accommodate a thriving environment for the human race. This includes modifications to the- surface environments, temperature, and atmosphere. To be able to envision all of this, you need to have two things- a willing and open mind, and no fear in exploring foreign territories.

If we had the opportunity as well as the means to investigate the planet of Venus, we would be able to gain valuable insight and information on the possible reversal of the Greenhouse Effect. Just think for a moment, what if we could experiment with the climate on Venus, in an attempt to reverse engineer the effects of Global warming? The noxious gases filling the Venus atmosphere isn’t a result of man-made byproducts and pollution, but a natural occurrence. This is why it makes for such a perfect template for us to tinker with- how much more harm than good could we create out of providing an answer to a problem?

One popular solution to “making colonization possible” theory is this- what if we could harness the atmospheric gases of both helium and/or hydrogen on Venus, to create a buoyant living environment? Similar to the buoyancy of a boat floating above the ocean waters, imagine a Venusian colony that floats above the surface of the planet, using the same concept as floating a boat. Except that the colony wouldn’t support it’s buoyancy atop a liquid element, rather it would be supported by the atmospheric pressure of surface gases, remember- “Atmospheric surface pressures similar to being 3,281 feet (=1 kilometer) underwater on Earth.” So the reasoning on that is like this- the more elevated you are above the surface on Venus, the less pressure you’ll experience. Now that you understand, don’t you feel that sense of “enchantment” with the notion of a Venusian Colony?

Romanticizing with the Idea of Venusian Colonization:


In essence, it is possible to achieve an environment worthy of sustaining human life. To break everything down to the specifics, here is what we understand, given the information that we already know about Venus:

• In accordance with the Law of Physics- “materials that are lower in density have the potential to rise to the top.”

• By harnessing the physical properties of breathable gases, we can utilize them to gain the lifting power needed to achieve a safe elevation.

• Air domes would be constructed in order to contain vital air for breathing, and at the same time, to “float” the colonies (minimal elevation is around 50 km, in order to replicate Earth’s atmosphere)

• The benefits of an elevated state include:

* Cooler temperatures (an approximate difference of up to -50 degrees Celsius cooler) which allows for chances of condensation (rain, water production). Sulfuric acid droplets can provide a naturally occurring resource for harvesting Hydrogen (water).

* Access to capture solar energy- the elevation allows sufficient clearance from thick clouds which cover the planet’s surface.In addition, the reflective properties of the clouds aid in the collection of solar energy by pointing solar panels in a downward direction.Solar collection is about 1.9 times more than solar collection on Earth.


3 Reasons Why We Should Consider Settling on Venus:

For those who are in denial of the impending future, our planet will eventually reach a point in time where overpopulation will become a major global threat. As of now, we have countries- even continents that are regulating the maximum amount of children to 1 child per family. Before it becomes an impending epidemic, we need to start locating resources for interplanetary occupation. Here are the top 3 reasons why we should consider settling on Venus:

• Aside from the Moon, Venus is the closest planet to Earth. Travel is much shorter compared to travels to other planets.

• Earth and Venus are the only planets who are large enough to hold a proper atmosphere, but also small enough to not be gas giants. In other words, they are heavy and cool enough to retain CO2, N2 and most importantly 02, but light and warm enough so that H2 doesn't accumulate.

• Because of the uniqueness of the planet’s atmosphere, the damaging Ultra-violet rays from the sun is blocked and filtered out more effectively, in comparison to the atmospheric conditions here on Earth.

• Accessibility to the Asteroid belt- for mining purposes. The Asteroid belt, in correlation to Venus, is a great resource for mining for mineral resources. Also, since Venus is the second closest planet to the Sun, it has a stronger gravitational pull. Which means that it takes longer to complete one rotation (changing from day to night), yet the period of revolution around the Sun is much shorter (1 revolution= 1 year= 224.7 Earth days).

Until the scientists and other brilliant minds here on Earth can pull together and come to a mutual agreement that planet colonization should fall under the same category as space exploration, we can just continue to fantasize about how wonderful life would be living on another planet. The only worst case scenario that can be conjured up are two important things- development of a material that can withstand the corrosive Venus atmosphere, and preventing damage and leaks to the life sustaining dome structure. Once our Space Messiah plans to show up, we’ll be able to win over the support that’s needed to fund this concept and to promote understanding of how important it is to start looking for colonization elsewhere.